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Absolute Thrashing of Darius at the Battle of Gaugamela

canada goose coats Overview334 years before Christ, Alexander of Macedon stormed into Asia Minor Canada Goose sale and began a series of conquests that would result in the defeat of the mighty Persian Empire, the integration of Greek thought and language throughout the Middle East and India (Hellenism), and unarguably, the changing of the Canada Goose online course of history. Alexander first met the troops of the Persian Empire at the River Granicus. After a decisive victory for Alexander and his men, they made their way down the coast of Asia Minor, beseiging, liberating, and conquering numerous cities before encountering the brunt of the Persian army at the Battle of Issus. Again, the Persian military was soundly defeated, and as a consequence of this loss, the wife, sisters, and a great amount of treasure were lost by the Persian emperor Darius III to Alexander. Ater his liberation of Egypt, Alexander marched north to Tyre in Phoencia and began preparations to meet yet another massive Persian army at Gaugamela. canada goose coats

buy canada goose jacket cheap In the history of Alexander, this was the pivotal battle that once and for all settled the issue of who was truly “King of Asia.” By so severely devastating the army of Darius, Alexander was now essentially in control of the Persian Empire, a feat only dreamed about by his contemporaries, and yet previously planned by Canada Goose Parka his father, Philip II. buy canada goose jacket cheap

Canada Goose sale The genius of Alexander’s military strategy was brilliantly displayed in the battle of Gaugamela. A desperately outnumbered Macedonian army effectively used their advantages of stability, speed, and discipline to exploit the numerical superiority of the Persian army, and ultimately carried out a cavalry strike directed right at the heart of the Persian Empire: Darius III himself. Meanwhile, Darius was in Babylon, amassing a vast array of troops of numerous nationalites from all over his empire in order to meet the cheap Canada Goose Macedonian threat. Although the reports vary, the ancient source of Arrian places the strength of the canada goose Persian army at 1,000,000 infantry, 40,000 cavalry, 200 scythe chariots (see below for description) and several elephants. Given the near impossible task of supporting such a massive army, it is widely assumed that these figures are somewhat inflated. But even so, there is no doubt that Darius commanded a huge army, one that buy canada goose jacket cheap dwarfed the Macedonian force considerably. Alexander’s army on the other hand, consisted of 7,000 cavalry and 40,000 infantry. The greatest threat facing Alexander then, was being enveloped. In facing such great numbers, it canada goose black friday sale was a very real possibility that Darius would outflank the entire Macedonian army, encircle it, and attack from all sides. Canada Goose sale

First ContactAfter crossing the Tigris River, Alexander learned from scouts of the presence of a Persian cavalry force numbering around 1000 in the near vicinity. After a brief skirmish, a number were taken prisoner by Alexander, leading to reports that not far off, an enormous army awaited battle. Accordingly, Alexander rested his men, and constructed fortifications for his baggage camp. Four days later his army was on the move. As the full force of Darius’ army came into view, Alexander halted his men and posed a question: Do we attack at once? Or should a detailed reconnaissance be made concerning the lay of the land? Wisely, Alexander’s oldest and most experienced general Parmeniosuggested the latter, advice that Alexander heeded.

uk canada goose The terrain was inspected and was found to be free from potentially harmful obstructions, such as ditches or hidden stakes. In fact, the entire ground had been meticulously smoothed over by the Persians. This was done to ensure the rapid and unimpeded movement of Darius’ chariots and cavalry, the strongest components of his army. uk canada goose

canada goose store “Upon the conduct of each, depended the fate of all.” ArrianA council of the Macedonian generals was then held, and during it Alexander implored his commanders to exercise the utmost discipline in battle. They were to advance in complete silence, and when the signal was given, raise such a ferocious battle cry as to imbue the Persian army with great fear. If all was done exactly as ordered, Alexander explained, there should be no reason for their defeat. And most importantly, they were fighting for their lives: A loss in such foreign country would be disastrous, as the Macedonians would simply have nowhere to run. Win or die was what was at stake in this most epic of encounters, but canada goose clearance sale Alexander had complete confidence in their victory, and this sense of calm was surely impressed upon his men. In fact, Alexander was so calm that upon the day of battle, he overslept, and had to be roused numerous times before waking. It canada goose deals is truly quite amazing that in the face of an army of nearly a million men, Alexander evidentally possessed no anxiety, was completely at ease, and utterly confident of victory. canada goose store

canada goose uk black friday Before Gaugamela, there was “The Spanking of Tyre!” Alexander the Great and the Spanking of Tyre canada goose uk black friday

Uh oh. After decisively defeating the Persian king Darius III in the battle of Issus, it. While Alexander may have overslept, the Persian forces had no such luxury. Fearful of a night attack, Darius ordered his army to stand at canada goose coats on sale arms all through the night. With no food and no rest for the entire night, the Persian army was clearly at a disadvantage. Alexander couldn’t have been more pleased. As his army assembled into formation, Alexander addressed his men, particularly the Thessalian Canada Goose Outlet cavalry, and stressed the great importance of holding the line. If the left of his line broke, the consequences would be disastrous, if they held, they would live to fight again, and would be rulers of all of Asia.

canada goose coats on sale Opening MovementsAlexander, in typical fashion, made the first move, and had light infantry canadian goose jacket and two phalanx battalions advance towards the canada goose store Persian center in an oblique formation. By minimizing the distance between the two armies, Alexander hoped to render Darius’ chariots and archers less effective. As the phalanx began its march, Alexander, with the Companion Cavalry and a group of Agrianians, archers and javelin men, rode right, parallel to the Persian line. As he continued this advance, Darius, fearing Alexander would reach rough ground that his chariots would be unable to traverse, ordered a contingent of cavalry under Bessus to ride opposite them in order www.canadagoosecanadaoutlet.com to check any outflanking movements they might attempt. He also unleashed a number of scythed chariots at this time. The Agrianian disposed of many of them, canada goose coats pelting them with projectiles and dragging their drivers to the ground. Those that did pass the peltasts were met by infantry that simply opened ranks and trapped them with their long sarissas, a weapon that horses would not readily rush into. As Alexander continued to move towards his right, the Persian line thinned, and a hole opened up. At this decisive moment, Alexander raised the battle cry, turned his cavalry 90 degrees to the left, and, in a wedge formation, rode full speed towards the Persian Emperor himself. A hidden group of peltasts now revealed themselves, and dealt with the cavalry opposite Alexander, while those heavy infantry available pressed into the gap as well. The effect of this crucial blow was terrifying to Darius. A struggle ensued, Macedonians jabbing their spears into the faces of Persian soldiers, and Darius panicked. Much to the dismay of his Persian subjects, the king turned his chariot, and fled. canada goose coats on sale

buy canada goose jacket The Hammer FallsAs Darius fled the battlefield, Alexander furiously pursued him, only to discover that Parmenio, in control of the left wing, was under heavy attack. As frustrating as this must have been to Alexander, he nevertheless rode to his general’s assistance, and the Persian cavalry under Mazaeus was caught between the reserve column behind the phalanx and the Companion cavalry. This contingent was annihilated, and the Persians retreated. The casualties were heavy for Persia: perhaps 40,000 or more. The Macedonian losses, on the other hand, are estimated to be around 500. An incredible number, especially when considering the substantial disproportion between the two armies. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose uk outlet Various Components of Ancient ArmiesSkirmisher canada goose uk outlet

Canada Goose Online Skirmishers are infantry or canada goose clearance cavalry soldiers stationed ahead or alongside of a larger body of friendly troops. They are usually placed in a skirmish line to canada goose outlet either harass enemy troops or to protect their own troops from similar attacks by the enemyPeltast Canada Goose Online

canada goose clearance sale peltast A peltast (ancient Greek ) was a type of light infantry in Ancient Greece who often served as skirmishersCavalry canada goose clearance sale

uk canada goose outlet cavalry n., pl. ries. The Achaemenid Persian Immortals, also known as the PersianHoplite uk canada goose outlet

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canada goose Bactria An ancient country of southwest Asia. The high riding position gave the rider a good view but made them a visible targetCatapults canada goose

A catapult is any one of a number of non handheld mechanical devices used to throw a projectile a great distance

canadian goose jacket ConclusionWith this defeat, the Persian empire fell into Alexander’s hands. Though Darius lived through Gaugamela, he was eventually killed by his own subject Bessus, in hopes that he would attain command of the empire canadian goose jacket.

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